Kofi Annan, the primary black African to develop into UN secretary-general, has died aged 80 in Switzerland, his aides say.
He “handed away peacefully on Saturday after a brief sickness”, the muse named after him mentioned on Saturday.
Mr Annan served two phrases as UN chief from 1997 to 2006, and was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for humanitarian work for his efforts.
He later served because the UN particular envoy for Syria, main efforts to discover a peaceable answer to the battle.
In a press release asserting his dying, the Kofi Annan Foundation described him as a “global statesman and deeply dedicated internationalist who fought all through his life for a fairer and extra peaceable world”.
“Wherever there was struggling or want, he reached out and touched many individuals along with his deep compassion and empathy. He selflessly positioned others first, radiating real kindness, heat and brilliance in all he did.”
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The profession diplomat, who was initially from Ghana, died in hospital within the Swiss metropolis of Bern. He had been dwelling close to Geneva for a number of years earlier than his dying.
He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001 for serving to to revitalise the worldwide physique, throughout a interval that coincided with the Iraq Battle and the HIV/Aids pandemic.
Kofi Annan described his biggest achievement because the Millennium Improvement Objectives which – for the primary time – set world targets on points corresponding to poverty and baby mortality.
Nevertheless, Mr Annan was not immune from criticism. His critics blamed him for the UN’s failure to halt the genocide in Rwanda within the 1990s when he was head of the organisation’s peacekeeping operations.
Later, after the US-led invasion of Iraq, he and his son have been accused of being concerned within the “oil for meals corruption scandal” that led some to name for his resignation, although he was later exonerated.
In an interview with the BBC’s HardTalk to mark his 80th birthday in April, Mr Annan acknowledged the UN’s shortcomings, saying it “may be improved, it’s not good but when it did not exist you would need to create it”.
“I’m a cussed optimist, I used to be born an optimist and can stay an optimist,” he added.
Present UN chief Antonio Guterres has been main the tributes to his predecessor, describing Mr Annan as “a guiding power for good”.
“In some ways, Kofi Annan was the United Nations. He rose by the ranks to guide the organisation into the brand new millennium with matchless dignity and dedication,” he mentioned in a press release.
UN excessive commissioner for human rights Zeid Raad Al Hussein mentioned in a tweet he was grief-stricken over Annan’s dying:
Tributes have been pouring in from world leaders and diplomats.
Annan’s diplomatic profession continued after retirement from the UN, and in 2007 he arrange his personal basis aimed toward selling world sustainable improvement, safety and peace.
A yr later, his fame was boosted after he efficiently helped negotiate a power-sharing deal to finish post-election violence in Kenya.
In a Fb tribute, Raila Odinga, the opposition chief who signed the settlement, known as Annan “the person who stepped in and saved the nation from collapse”.
In 2012 he was made chair of The Elders, a peace and human rights advocacy group began by South Africa’s Nelson Mandela.
His most up-to-date position was chairing an unbiased fee investigation Myanmar’s Rohingya disaster.
Annan’s spouse, Nane, and three kids have been “by his facet throughout his final days”, the Kofi Annan Basis mentioned.
Ghana’s President Nana Akufo-Addo has ordered flags be flown at half-mast throughout the nation and in diplomatic missions the world over for seven days, beginning on Monday.